Entrepreneurship Awareness and Enterprising Tendency of the College Students of JAPAN and ASEAN
The purpose of this study is to reveal the entrepreneurial characteristics of the college students in Japan and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). The Caird’s General measure of Enterprising Tendency Test(GET2) is adapted to assess the level of entrepreneurial characteristics of the participants in this survey. This test measures five essential qualities: the need for achievement (NACH), need for autonomy (AUT), the creative tendency (CT), calculated risk-taking (RT), and internal locus of control (LOC). Also, we asked students if they had wishes and confidence to be entrepreneurs. The results of this survey reveal some features of these countries. Firstly, over half of the respondents have both wishes and confidence to be entrepreneurs in Indonesia and Brunei. Secondly, the scores of Enterprising Tendency Test are high in the Philippines and Lao PDR, whereas the score is the lowest in Japan. Thirdly, there are no significant gender differences in the results of Enterprising Tendency Test, whereas males are more likely to have wish and confidence to be entrepreneurs than females. Fourth, parents who have working experience as self-employed influence their children’s entrepreneurial awareness positively in Japan, the Philippines, Myanmar, Malaysia, and Brunei. Finally, the ratio of the students who have both wishes and confidence to be entrepreneurs accounts for the highest proportion of the respondents in Brunei, Indonesia, Vietnam, and Myanmar. The results of this survey are expected to be utilized to facilitate understanding of ASEAN region and Japan and to develop effective entrepreneurship education programs.